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INTERPOL’s intervention can have a serious debilitating impact on a person’s freedom and reputation.
INTERPOL Notices are international requests for cooperation or alerts allowing law enforcement agencies in its 194-member countries to share critical information. Notices are published by INTERPOL’s General Secretariat at the request of a member-country’s National Central Bureau (NCB) and authorized entities.
A Notice is published only if it fulfils all conditions for processing the information. In the case of Red Notices, the legal basis is an arrest warrant or court order issued by the judicial authorities in the country concerned. Many of INTERPOL’s member countries consider a Red Notice to be a valid request for provisional arrest. INTERPOL’s role is to assist the national police forces in identifying and locating these persons with a view to their arrest and extradition or similar lawful action.
INTERPOL is used as an official channel for transmitting requests for provisional arrest in a number of bilateral and multilateral extradition treaties, including the European Convention on Extradition, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Convention on Extradition, and the United Nations Model Treaty on Extradition.
A diffusion is circulated directly by an NCB to the member countries of their choice, or to the entire INTERPOL membership and is simultaneously recorded in INTERPOL’s Information System. Although at first sight a diffusion appears to carry less weight than a Red Notice, it can be as effective. Diffusions and Notices bear common features. They both consist of requests for international police cooperation or alerts. The data they contain is systematically recorded in INTERPOL’s data bases for consultation, and ultimately, they may trigger query results and actions by other member countries. The conditions for circulating a diffusion are less stringent than those for the issuance of a Red Notice, and therefore it is more difficult to challenge them.
Together with our partners we have unrivalled expertise and experience in assisting clients who wish to pre-empt or challenge the publication of a Notice or diffusion. Detailed knowledge of INTERPOL’s decision making process is fundamental to understanding that member countries’ requests meet the standard required for publication throughout the INTERPOL system. We have very strong credentials when it comes to understanding the inner workings of the INTERPOL system for the benefit of our clients.